Learning science is about making connections, about natural phenomena, how they work, and the explanations which scientists have developed. When inquiring about scientific phenomena, one needs to make connections between observations made and explanations for these observations.
Children should be encouraged to build connections between their observations and their ideas in order to help them draw conclusions with respect to what they set out to investigate. Connections are best constructed within a social context, as children explore and argue in favour or against possible explanations for their observations with peers. Connecting ideas to observation is an essential process when doing and learning science. Learning to make connections from a very young age will promote a better engagement with science.